For the past decade more and more attention has been directed to disadvantaged groups in the American population. Many educational institutions are showing an increasing awareness of the need to give special consideration to persons from impoverished backgrounds, specifically the American Negroes. Because Negroes are underrepresented in the medical profession, educators in that field are also becoming interested in this problem. Even though more than 11% of the nation's population is Negro, less than 2% of American physicians are black. Or to put it another way, among white citizens, one American in 560 becomes a doctor; among Negroes, it is one in 3,800 (Statistical Abstracts of the United States, 1968, Bureau of Census, p 23).
Crowley AE, Nicholson HC. Negro Enrollment in Medical Schools. JAMA. 1969;210(1):96–100. doi:10.1001/jama.1969.03160270058010