A method for rapid, bedside institution of temporary pacing has been developed utilizing floating, balloon-tipped, bipolar pacing catheters inserted percutaneously via a femoral vein. Successful pacing was accomplished without fluoroscopy in 30 of 31 patients. Ease and rapidity of insertion have been remarkable. The preformed "J" configuration of the catheter plus the transfemoral route of insertion aid in the attainment of a stable pacing position at the apex of the right ventricle.
Meister SG, Banka VS, Helfant RH. Transfemoral Pacing With Balloon-Tipped Catheters. JAMA. 1973;225(7):712-714. doi:10.1001/jama.1973.03220340026007