This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
In Hemodialysis: Principles and Practice, edited by George L. Bailey, a contributor has written, "Three times a week I must spend six hours of my time in a 'health spa'," and then later he continued, "It is not a terrible thing that I must depend on this machine; but rather it is a wonderful thing that this machine makes me well." And so it is a wonderful machine, a product of "clinical engineering" that saw its origins with Einthoven's remarkable electrocardiograph in the late 1800s. In the short span of 30 years "the artificial kidney has undergone profound metamorphosis from the original Kolff apparatus of 1943" to the well-engineered, commercially produced twin-coil and capillary dialyzers of today.
In the surrounding of Boston's formidable Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, where much of the original work in the care of patients with end-stage kidney disease transpired, Dr. Bailey has assembled a group of
McCabe R. Hemodialysis: Principles and Practice. JAMA. 1973;225(7):756. doi:10.1001/jama.1973.03220340060042