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January 5, 1970


JAMA. 1970;211(1):31-44. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03170010009003

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Hearing Therapy Opens Doors For Mentally III  Screening tests for hearing deficits have provided a new and rather exciting chapter in the care of the mentally ill, pioneered in Illinois. The tests, which were the first steps in rehabilitation and dismissal of more than 50 patients from a mental hospital, were described in Chicago at a convention of the American Speech and Hearing Association.An extremely high percentage of hearing problems was found in the first such screening at the huge Elgin State Hospital, said Dan F. McCoy, chief of the hospital's speech and hearing department. More than 1,700 patients, or 42% of the hospital population, failed the test, as opposed to the 10% failure rate which could be expected in the general population. The majority of those who failed had impacted cerumen of both ears, and some had otosclerosis.While cerumenosis does not handicap all individuals, Mr. McCoy