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April 11, 1977

Paraben Allergy

Author Affiliations

From the Children's Hospital, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh.

JAMA. 1977;237(15):1594-1595. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03270420062018

A hydrocortisone preparation containing methylparaben and propylparaben provoked bronchospasm and pruritis when given intravenously to an asthmatic patient, whereas another hydrocortisone preparation without paraben preservative did not. Direct and passive transfer (Prausnitz-Küstner) skin tests for immediate hypersensitivity to parabens were positive. Parabens, frequently employed as bacteriostatic agents, are capable of producing immunologically mediated, immediate systemic hypersensitivity reactions.

(JAMA 237:1594-1595, 1977)