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May 11, 1970

Charles Rouget (1824-1904) Successor to Claude Bernard

JAMA. 1970;212(6):1060. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03170190074016

Charles-Marie-Benjamin Rouget, son of a distinguished military surgeon who served under Baron Jean-Dominique Larrey, was born at Gisors, France.1 Charles pursued his general studies at the Collège Sainte-Barbé, completed his formal medical courses in the university in Paris, and went on with his clinical training at l'Hôtel-Dieu. He stood in competition for a post in Paris, but, finding no vacancy, in 1860 he accepted the chair of physiology at Montpellier. Rouget served with distinction until 1878, when, following the death of Claude Bernard, a new chair of general physiology was created for Rouget at the Museum of Natural History in Paris. Again he served with distinction from 1879 to 1893. An excellent teacher, highly industrious, he made his best contributions in correlating physiology and microscopic structure. Utilizing a special technique in photography, he gained a high degree of magnification of muscle fibers of vertebrates. Similar detailed observations were carried out