Because of an explosive increase in the use of emergency rooms in hospitals across the country, many hospitals have found it expedient to employ full-time emergency physicians. The demand for emergency physicians has prompted the development of training programs in emergency medicine in academic medical centers. The first such training program was instituted at The Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1970. The 32 current programs in the nation are filling a real need in providing manpower for hospital emergency rooms. With the increasing identification and distribution of emergency physicians, there has been an attempt to develop emergency medicine as a distinct discipline and to establish its legitimacy in the structure of academic medical centers. A variety of problems must be addressed to clarify the role of emergency medicine in the academic setting.
(JAMA 238:147-148, 1977)
Sutnick AI, Wagner DK. Emergency Medicine as an Academic Discipline. JAMA. 1977;238(2):147–148. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03280020051023