This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
The purpose of this workbook, as described by the author, is to teach the proper interpretation of M mode echocardiography in adults and to demonstrate and discuss recent advances in echocardiography. The author begins with a simple but thorough discussion of echocardiographic measurements and calculations, using numerous line drawings of echocardiographic structures to help the reader learn the details of measurements. Thereafter, 52 actual case histories with illustrative echocardiograms, line drawings of echocardiograms, questions, and discussions of pertinent points are presented. The reader is encouraged to actually measure, calculate, and evaluate the pertinent echocardiographic structures in each case and commit himself to answering each question. Technical advice is provided for improving the quality of the echocardiographic tracing. Aortic valvular lesions, mitral stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, flail mitral leaflet, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, and pericardial effusion are well demonstrated with good quality echodiagrams recorded at a speed of 50 mm/sec on a
Henning RJ. Case Studies in Echocardiography: A diagnostic Workbook. JAMA. 1977;238(22):2415. doi:10.1001/jama.1977.03280230079040