[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.197.75.176. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
November 9, 1970

William C. Cruikshank (1745-1800) Surgeon of Leicester Square

JAMA. 1970;214(6):1110-1112. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03180060084019

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.

Abstract

William Cumberland Cruikshank, assistant to William Hunter, legatee of his anatomical collection, and physician to Samuel Johnson, was born in Edinburgh, the son of an examiner of the Excise.1 William, originally intending to enter the clergy, was educated at Edinburgh and Glasgow universities where his outstanding scholarship was immediately apparent. Excellence in classical and modern languages enabled him to coach his classmates and act as preceptor in families of distinction; meanwhile, a strong propensity for anatomy and physic led him from the church into medicine. After graduating MA at Glasgow in 1767, he was apprenticed in surgery and pharmacy until 1771, when Hunter brought him to London as assistant in the Windmill street school. Cruikshank applied himself to dissection with great industry, gave demonstrations in the anatomical theater, occasionally replaced Hunter in lectures, and offered his consultative services to rich and poor alike. He was an able substitute for

×