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November 9, 1970

Hunger and Malnutrition

Author Affiliations

Asst Secretary AMA Council on Foods and Nutrition

JAMA. 1970;214(6):1123. doi:10.1001/jama.1970.03180060097034

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To the Editor.—  It has been established by the Bureau of Indian Affairs that the average annual income for a typical Indian reservation family (five to six members) is between $1,500 and $1,700, approximately $300 per individual. According to the 1967 report of the US Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare entitled "The Migratory Farm Labor Problem in the United States," it is estimated that the average yearly income of the migrant farm worker is approximately $1,737. This figure is far below the $3,000 income level under which families are commonly considered to be living in poverty. At these levels of income it would be extremely difficult, if not impossible, to obtain sufficient food to prevent hunger.A recent article in The Journal (213:739,1970) reported on a nutrition survey of preschool children from impoverished black families in Memphis. The extremely low family incomes, together with information gained by