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August 18, 1978

Poisonous Snakebite Treatment in the United States

Author Affiliations

From Archbold Memorial Hospital, Thomasville, Ga.

JAMA. 1978;240(7):654-656. doi:10.1001/jama.1978.03290070056017

This is a retrospective report of 107 cases of poisonous snakebites treated in south Georgia and north Florida. Sixty-seven percent of the cases required intensive treatment. Intravenous antivenin therapy, if indicated, should be given early and over a short time. Steroids are of use primarily for allergic phenomena. Fasciotomies were not necessary unless cooling or inadequate antivenin had been administered. A grading system that matches the species of snake with the severity of the bite was used to classify the cases.

(JAMA 240:654-656, 1978)