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Article
August 15, 1986

The Thorax, Part A and Part B

Author Affiliations

Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Cleveland Clinic Foundation

 

edited by Charis Roussos and Peter T. Macklem (Lung Biology in Health and Disease, vol 29, C. Lenfant, ed), 1544 pp, with illus, $210, New York, Marcel Dekker Inc, 1985.

JAMA. 1986;256(7):930-931. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380070136041

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Abstract

As outlined by Charis Roussos in the fascinating prologue to this two-part monograph, even when the term thorax first entered the Greek language it had a meaning of protection. At that time, it referred to a wall-like protective device around the body, a city, or a fortress. Thus, in Homer's accounts of the war between the Greeks and the Trojans, a thorax was a leather or copper cover over a soldier's chest.

By the fifth century, in concert with progress in the arts and sciences, the term thorax had undergone a gradual transformation of its meaning. Aristophanes used it to mean the anatomic chest wall of a warrior, rather than his protective breastplate. Plato, reflecting growing medical interest in internal organs, talked of the "cavity of the thorax," but included organs both above and below the diaphragm. Aristotle began to differentiate the thorax from the abdomen, and Galen stated that

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