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October 17, 1986

Soviet Space Medical Data Grow; Other Nations Joining In

JAMA. 1986;256(15):2026-2030. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380150036006

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IT IS a smaller version of the "mission control" center that television viewers throughout the world have become accustomed to seeing during space flights. There are rows of consoles, an electronic display depicting the progress of the orbiting spacecraft, and sceens on which—from time to time— the activities of the crew are televised.

The mission of this control center, however, is medical. It is located in a building at the main facility of the Soviet Union's Institute of Biomedical Problems in the heart of Moscow. And the specialists inside are focusing their attention on the physiological and psychological status and living/working environment of cosmonauts Leonid D. Kizim, 44, and Vladimir A. Solovyov, 39.

If the Soviet Union is ten years ahead of the United States in space experience, as the authoritative British Jane's 1986 Spaceflight Directory contends, it appears to be working toward a similar lead in aerospace medicine. This