A study of seroprevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus involving 2384 (96%) of Mama Yemo Hospital's (Kinshasa, Zaire) 2492 personnel found 152 (6.4%) to be seropositive. Prevalence was higher among women than among men (8.1% vs 5.2%); in women peak seroprevalence (13.9%) occurred in 20-to 29-year-olds. Workers most likely to be seropositive were those who were relatively young, those who were unmarried, those reporting a blood transfusion or hospitalization during the previous ten years, and those receiving medical injections during the previous three years. Medical, administrative, and manual workers had similar seroprevalence (6.5%, 6.4%, and 6.0%, respectively), and seropositivity was not associated with any measure of patient, blood, or needle contact. These findings are consistent with other hospital-based studies indicating low risks for occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus.
Mann JM, Francis H, Quinn TC, Bila K, Asila PK, Bosenge N, Nzilambi N, Jansegers L, Piot P, Ruti K, Curran JW. HIV Seroprevalence Among Hospital Workers in Kinshasa, ZaireLack of Association With Occupational Exposure. JAMA. 1986;256(22):3099-3102. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380220065023