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December 12, 1986

HIV Seroprevalence Among Hospital Workers in Kinshasa, ZaireLack of Association With Occupational Exposure

Author Affiliations

From Project SIDA, Ministry of Health, Kinshasa, Zaire (Drs Mann, Francis, Bosenge, and Nzilambi); AIDS Program, Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta (Drs Mann and Curran); National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md (Drs Francis and Quinn); Mama Yemo Hospital, Kinshasa, Zaire (Drs Bila and Jansegers); Ministry of Health, Kinshasa, Zaire (Drs Asila and Ruti); and Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium (Mr Piot).

JAMA. 1986;256(22):3099-3102. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380220065023

A study of seroprevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus involving 2384 (96%) of Mama Yemo Hospital's (Kinshasa, Zaire) 2492 personnel found 152 (6.4%) to be seropositive. Prevalence was higher among women than among men (8.1% vs 5.2%); in women peak seroprevalence (13.9%) occurred in 20-to 29-year-olds. Workers most likely to be seropositive were those who were relatively young, those who were unmarried, those reporting a blood transfusion or hospitalization during the previous ten years, and those receiving medical injections during the previous three years. Medical, administrative, and manual workers had similar seroprevalence (6.5%, 6.4%, and 6.0%, respectively), and seropositivity was not associated with any measure of patient, blood, or needle contact. These findings are consistent with other hospital-based studies indicating low risks for occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus.

(JAMA 1986;256:3099-3102)