Detection of ketone bodies in the urine or plasma may be used as a rapid, inexpensive diagnostic approach. Understanding the causes of hyperketonemia can lead to identification and appropriate therapy for the underlying cause. At least one urinary ketone measurement should be a routine procedure in all severely ill patients in whom a complete understanding of the underlying pathological processes is not present.
(JAMA 241:2064-2065, 1979)
Schade DS, Eaton RP. Differential Diagnosis and Therapy of Hyperketonemic State. JAMA. 1979;241(19):2064-2065. doi:10.1001/jama.1979.03290450062031