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January 1, 1982

Isolation of Mycoplasma hominis From the Blood of Men With Multiple Trauma and Fever

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases (Drs Ti, Dan, and Goldsand), Department of Microbiology (Dr Robertson), University of Alberta Hospital, and the Department of Microbiology (Dr Stemke), University of Alberta, Edmonton.

JAMA. 1982;247(1):60-61. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320260044029

MYCOPLASMA hominis is a common inhabitant of the human genitourinary and upper respiratory tracts.1,2 Its full role in the pathogenesis of disease in man is unclear. Infections associated with M hominis have been reported mainly in postpartum women1 and neonates.2 Isolation of the organism from the bloodstream following vaginal delivery or abortion is well documented1; however, its recovery from the blood of adult men has been described in only a single report.3 We present two patients from whom M hominis was isolated in blood cultures following multiple trauma. One of these also had septic arthritis.

Report of Cases 

Case 1.—  A 26-year-old man, found unconscious following a motor vehicle accident, was admitted with multiple lacerations and fracture of the left femur and fracture dislocation at C2-C3. Following initial supportive therapy he regained consciousness. The hospital course was characterized by intermittent fever spikes (temperatures of 39