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November 23, 1979

Examining the Anterior Right KidneyFrequent Lack of Appreciation in Examination of the Right Upper Quadrant

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Ultrasound, Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.

JAMA. 1979;242(21):2320-2321. doi:10.1001/jama.1979.03300210046023

An anteriorly positioned lower pole of the right kidney is often unappreciated on physical examination. Yet, on review of a large number of abdominal sonograms, more than 12% of the patients had a right kidney with a lower pole sufficiently anterior in position so as to lie at the same depth as the anterior surface of the liver. In a group of patients referred for ultrasound evaluation of hepatomegaly, 20% proved to have a normal liver and an anteriorly positioned lower pole of the right kidney.

(JAMA 242:2320-2321, 1979)