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Indeed, Picasso was born in Málaga, but spent his formative adolescent years in Barcelona, where he participated very actively in Catalonion intellectual and political life, and it was to Barcelona that he returned on family visits. Several sources state that he did speak Catalan fluently. For an extensive discussion of his involvement in Catalonion intellectual life, see Palau i Fabrej: Picasso: The Early Years, 1881-1907, Lyons K (trans). Barcelona, Ediciones Poligrafa SA, 1985.
Butzen F. Picasso's Roots-Reply. JAMA. 1987;258(11):1478. doi:10.1001/jama.1987.03400110060020