A four-stage Delphi survey of substance abuse experts was conducted to help achieve greater clarity and uniformity in terminology associated with alcohol and other drug-related problems. This multidisciplinary group of experts was asked to reach a consensus on alcohol and other drug-related terms and definitions. Results produced a list of 50 substance abuse terms deemed important, along with the most agreed on definition for each term.
Rinaldi RC, Steindler EM, Wilford BB, Goodwin D. Clarification and Standardization of Substance Abuse Terminology. JAMA. 1988;259(4):555-557. doi:10.1001/jama.1988.03720040047025