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I believe the editors were trying to achieve the following objectives in soliciting the papers of this volume: (1) to focus on a number of important areas in medicine in which controversy over treatment still exists despite many published studies; (2) to distill key unanswered, specific questions out of these broader areas of therapeutic controversy; (3) to review salient features of design as well as published results relative to the better of relevant studies; (4) to critique these studies in terms of the suitability of experimental design and the consequent clinical believability of results; (5) to arrive at tentative recommendations relative to clinical practice; and (6) to make specific suggestions for experimental clinical studies to resolve lingering controversies.
The component papers are all interesting and well written, but not uniform in their emphasis.
The broad clinical areas covered and the scope of individual reviews (identified by the aforementioned numbers) are
Best WR. Controversies in Clinical Care. JAMA. 1982;247(14):2031-2035. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320390087063