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Child neurology is a young discipline. Doctors who specialized in the immature nervous system gained official recognition in 1968 by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology when it began certifying physicians qualified as having "special competence in child neurology." In 1971 a small group of child neurologists (Kenneth F. Swaiman, Francis S. Wright, Richard J. Allen, Paul R. Dyken, William S. Bell, Raymond W. M. Chun, George Wolcott, and Manuel R. Gomez) met to organize the Child Neurology Society (CNS). They elected Kenneth Swaiman its first president at the first national scientific meeting in 1972. The CNS membership directory listed about 50 members that year; the present directory lists well over 1000 members, most of whom practice in North America.
Child neurologists typically treat headache, seizures, hyperactivity (attention deficit disorder), and developmental delay—all common conditions. But the theoretical scope of child neurology is vast. Cerebral dysgenesis, inborn errors of
Tremblay GF. Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice, vols 1 & 2. JAMA. 1994;272(8):643-644. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520080085054