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November 23, 1994

Homicides Among 15-19-Year-Old Males— United States, 1963-1991

JAMA. 1994;272(20):1572. doi:10.1001/jama.1994.03520200026014

MMWR. 1994;43:725-727.

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IN 1991, nearly half (13122 [49%]) of the 26513 homicide victims in the United States were males aged 15-34 years. In addition, among males in this age group, homicide accounted for 18% of all deaths and was the second leading cause of death. During 1963-1991, the pattern of homicide rates changed substantially; the change was greatest for males aged 15-19 years, for whom rates increased substantially. This report summarizes these trends and presents strategies for violence prevention and intervention.

Mortality data were obtained from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics; population estimates were projected from census data. Arrest rates were calculated using data from the U.S. Department of Justice.

From 1985 to 1991, the annual crude homicide rate for the United States increased 25% (from 8.4 to 10.5 per 100 000 persons). The homicide rate for persons aged 15-34 years increased 50% during

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