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Article
October 3, 1990

Changing Patterns of Asthma Hospitalization Among Children: 1979 to 1987

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Health Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control, Hyattsville, Md (Dr Gergen); and the Department of Health Care Sciences, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC and the Division of Allergy. Immunology, and Transplantation, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (Dr Weiss).

From the Division of Health Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control, Hyattsville, Md (Dr Gergen); and the Department of Health Care Sciences, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC and the Division of Allergy. Immunology, and Transplantation, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md (Dr Weiss).

JAMA. 1990;264(13):1688-1692. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03450130060027
Abstract

The National Hospital Discharge Survey was used to evaluate the trends in asthma hospitalizations among children under International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM): 1979 to 1987. During this period, asthma hospitalizations among children aged 0 to 17 years increased 4.5% per annum (95% confidence interval [CI], 2% to 7.1%). The increase was largest among 0 to 4 year olds, 5.0% per annum (95% CI, 3.4% to 6.7%), vs 2.9% per annum (95% CI, -0.3% to 6.2%) observed among 5 to 17 year olds. Among children aged 0 to 4 years, blacks had approximately 1.8 times the increase of whites. During this time, total hospitalizations decreased - 4.6% (95% CI, - 6.6% to - 2.5%), while admissions for lower respiratory tract disease had a statistically insignificant decrease: -1.3%. Acute and chronic/unspecified bronchitis hospitalizations decreased -6.1% (95% CI, -9.4% to -2.7%), but this decrease did not begin until 1983. Thus, a shift in coding from bronchitis to asthma does not seem to fully explain the increase.

(JAMA. 1990;264:1688-1692)

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