[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.145.213.148. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
December 5, 1990

Adult Open Heart Surgery in New York StateAn Analysis of Risk Factors and Hospital Mortality Rates

Author Affiliations

From the Office of Health Systems Management, Bureau of Health Care Research and Information Service, State of New York Department of Health, Albany (Dr Hannan, Messrs Kilburn, McDonnell, and Lukacik, and Ms Shields) and the Department of Health Care Policy and Management, School of Public Health, State University of New York, University at Albany (Dr Hannan).

From the Office of Health Systems Management, Bureau of Health Care Research and Information Service, State of New York Department of Health, Albany (Dr Hannan, Messrs Kilburn, McDonnell, and Lukacik, and Ms Shields) and the Department of Health Care Policy and Management, School of Public Health, State University of New York, University at Albany (Dr Hannan).

JAMA. 1990;264(21):2768-2774. doi:10.1001/jama.1990.03450210068035
Abstract

This study analyzes data from New York State's new Cardiac Surgery Reporting System, which contains information about cardiac preoperative risk factors, postoperative complications, and hospital discharge. The purposes of the study were to determine the set of significant clinical risk factors and to identify cardiac surgical centers most likely to have serious quality-of-care problems. Significant risk factors for in-hospital death were age, gender, ejection fraction, previous myocardial infarction, number of open heart operations in previous admissions, diabetes requiring medication, dialysis dependence, disasters (acute structural defect, renal failure, cardiogenic shock, gunshot), unstable angina, intractable congestive heart failure, left main trunk narrowed more than 90%, and type of operation performed. Four of the 28 hospitals had significantly higher mortality rates than expected, given the risk factors of their patients. Subsequent site visits and medical record reviews confirmed that these facilities had high percentages of quality-of-care problems among cases resulting in mortality.

(JAMA. 1990;264:2768-2774)

×