Focal or generalized hemorrhage is a commonly encountered clinical problem in patients with amyloidosis. In 100 patients with amyloidosis, 41 patients experienced one or more bleeding episodes: petechiae and ecchymoses (23), gastrointestinal tract bleeding (18), bleeding after a diagnostic procedure (eight), hematuria (three), hemoptysis (two), and miscellaneous (four). Severe hemorrhage was the cause of death in three patients. Bleeding occurred frequently in the absence of abnormalities of clotting tests, suggesting that hemorrhage in amyloidosis is most often due to amyloid infiltration of blood vessels. In this group of patients, an isolated factor X deficiency was not observed.
Yood RA, Skinner M, Rubinow A, Talarico L, Cohen AS. Bleeding Manifestations in 100 Patients With Amyloidosis. JAMA. 1983;249(10):1322-1324. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03330340064034