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April 12, 1995

Cardiovascular Reactivity Among Surgeons: Not Music to Everyone's Ears-Reply

Author Affiliations

State University of New York Buffalo

JAMA. 1995;273(14):1091. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03520380026026

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In Reply.  —We appreciate the insightful comments of the many physicians who took the time and trouble to comment on our study. Although we readily acknowledge the limitations of our methods, we would like to emphasize that this was our initial effort in a field that no one else has attempted to study. We plan to continue this line of research and would like to study a larger and more diverse sample of surgeons (including women as well as different surgical specialists). In addition, interactive videotapes that simulate surgery are now available to be used in place of the cognitive task we used.Whether or not music should be played during surgery is not a simple or clear issue to address. We developed our study because of anecdotal reports suggesting widespread use of music in a myriad of surgical applications. Since the publication of our article, we have received an

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