Since previous Contempo reports on computers in medicine in 1989 and 1990, computing systems and devices have been incorporated into medical practice at an accelerating rate. The influence of computing can be seen in diagnostic imaging systems, radiation therapy, the intensive care unit, the clinical laboratory, and the business office. Planning for institution-wide advanced information management systems has become more sophisticated and widespread.1 The American Medical Informatics Association has been formed as a forum for open scientific meetings and education in the field of medical informatics.
Virtually every US academic medical center and many hospitals have on-line or CD-ROM systems that allow individual health professionals and students to search MEDLINE and other databases for themselves. A rapidly growing group of institutions and individuals use Internet connections to reach information sources and to transmit and receive the full text of documents.2 Many physician "end-users" search databases from home or
Lindberg DAB, Humphreys BL. Computers in Medicine. JAMA. 1995;273(21):1667-1668. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03520450037018