From 1984 to the present, the United States has experienced a well-publicized resurgence of tuberculosis. While the total number of tuberculosis cases in the United States increased almost 20% from 1985 to 1992, the 1707 cases in children younger than 15 years old in 1992 represented a 35% increase from case numbers in 1985.1 From 1986 to 1993, the tuberculosis rate in foreign-born children was 27.7 cases per 100 000 person-years, which was 13.2 times greater than the rate among children born in the United States.2 Pediatric tuberculosis is geographically focal. In 1989, only 11% of US counties reported a case of childhood tuberculosis, and six states-California, Texas, New York, Illinois, Florida, and New Jersey—reported over 70% of recent cases.
See also page 613.
Unfortunately, very little information is available concerning tuberculosis infection rates. The number of children in the United States infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is unknown
Starke JR. Universal Screening for Tuberculosis Infection School's Out!. JAMA. 1995;274(8):652-653. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03530080068043