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September 27, 1995

Peer Review in PragueThe International Congress on Biomedical Peer Review and Global Communications, 1997

JAMA. 1995;274(12):986-987. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03530120078046

When science operates well, the publication of research occurs after expert criticism and revision and is itself followed by unrestrained criticism from the scientists' peers: the readers. The existence of a rigorous peer review system is the best sign that science is functioning in an appropriate and nurturing environment. Recognizing the central position of editorial peer review in the scientific process, we at JAMA announced in 1986 that we intended to host a conference in 3 years at which the results of research into editorial peer review would be presented and discussed.1 We received an enthusiastic response, and in 1989 the First Congress on Peer Review in Biomedical Publication was held in Chicago, under the auspices of the American Medical Association. Manuscripts developed from the research presentations were published in 1990.2 In 1993 we held another conference in Chicago, receiving twice as many abstracts from which to choose

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