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—We appreciate the interest of the correspondents in our study. Drs Nickerson, Shea, and Bennett note the similar proportions of women and men currently at associate professor rank. However, those currently at full professor rank were also previously promoted to associate professor rank. The percentage of men in our study who had ever been associate professors (83%) is much greater than the percentage of women (59%). Also, after 11 years, 38% of the women were still assistant professors.Drs Ruffin and Bland discuss characteristics of family medicine fellowships predicting later publication. These characteristics may or may not be generalizable to other specialties. Nonetheless, the point about academic socialization during fellowship has validity and may relate to the quality of mentoring. As mentioned in our discussion section, the women studied reported mentors as frequently as men, but we could not reliably assess the level of mentor support. This area
Tesch BJ. Promotion of Women Physicians in Academic Medicine-Reply. JAMA. 1995;274(14):1134. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03530140045026