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December 4, 1991

The First Strictly Full-time Professor of Medicine in an American Medical School: Hopkins, Not Michigan-Reply

Author Affiliations

Marshfield (Wis) Clinic

Marshfield (Wis) Clinic

JAMA. 1991;266(21):2987. doi:10.1001/jama.1991.03470210055030

In Reply.  —Dr Weisse's claim that George Dock of the University of Michigan was the first full-time professor of medicine in an American medical school is not supported by the contemporary printed and manuscript evidence. The problem, I believe, stems from the multiple definitions that have been applied to the term "full-time." In my essay, I pointed out that I was discussing the original strict full-time system that prohibited clinical professors from earning any income from private practice. This plan was first instituted at Johns Hopkins in 1913, as was detailed in my article.Horace Davenport has written extensively on George Dock and the University of Michigan. His writings indicate that Dock had a private practice while he was professor of medicine at Michigan.1 Davenport acknowledged that Michigan did not adopt the strict full-time system before Johns Hopkins. He wrote: "One reason Michigan had trouble finding a successor to