October 12, 1984

Detecting AlcoholismThe CAGE Questionnaire

Author Affiliations

From the Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill.

JAMA. 1984;252(14):1905-1907. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350140051025

Four clinical interview questions, the CAGE questions, have proved useful in helping to make a diagnosis of alcoholism. The questions focus on Cutting down, Annoyance by criticism, Guilty feeling, and Eye-openers. The acronym "CAGE" helps the physician to recall the questions.

How these questions were identified and their use in clinical and research studies are described.

(JAMA 1984;252:1905-1907)