We examined the relation of physicians' clinical specialty, personal health habits, and health-related beliefs to their practices in counseling about smoking, weight, exercise, and alcohol. We surveyed a random sample of members of a county medical society in selected specialties. Physicians with better personal health habits and more positive attitudes toward counseling counsel a broader range of patients and counsel more aggressively. Surgeons counsel less than nonsurgeons, even after controlling for differences in health-related attitudes and personal habits.
Wells KB, Lewis CE, Leake B, Ware JE. Do Physicians Preach What They Practice?A Study of Physicians' Health Habits and Counseling Practices. JAMA. 1984;252(20):2846-2848. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350200032016