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February 22, 1985

Computerized biofeedback training aids in spinal injury rehabilitation

JAMA. 1985;253(8):1097-1099. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350320017002

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"Motor learning by trial and error"—the result of biofeedback training that uses essentially the same method people employ unconsciously in learning to ride a bicycle—may be a key to more mobility for many persons with spinal cord injury, according to a report made at the National Spinal Cord Injury Association convention in Boston.

Bernard S. Brucker, PhD, assistant professor of orthopedics and rehabilitation director of the BBiofeedback Laboratory at Jackson Memorial Rehabilitation Center, University of Miami (Fla) School of Medicine, told the assembled group of physicians and other medical scientists, physical therapists, nurses, and patients in wheelchairs that computerized biofeedback techniques offer the best means yet for training spinally injured persons—with some intact neural tissue—to activate useful motion in their limbs.

"Patients are taught to take the focus off the limb," Brucker explains, "and put it on neurosignal combinations."

Almost all rehabilitation centers use biofeedback techniques to some extent. However,