by Nancy C. Andreasen, 278 pp, 30 illus, $16.95, New York, Harper & Row Publishers Inc, 1984.
Mental illness has long been a dilemma not explained satisfactorily by myth, superstition, rational thought, or theory. This book describes the current move to transpose the scope of psychiatry from broad mind theories to specific brain-function processes. It examines the change being fomented in the past ten to 20 years as psychiatry becomes more scientific and biologic in its orientation, rejoining the neurosciences and moving away from psychoanalytic theories.
The author presents this book as a general but comprehensive informational source rather than as a textbook. She points out that the early roots of European psychiatry were laid by Kraeplin and not Freud, as has been emphasized in the United States. Kraeplin, as a professor of medicine, concentrated on the major mental disorders, in contrast to Freud, who concentrated on the milder illnesses, termed the "neuroses." Behaviorism, the approach of Watson, was added in this country. The last two figures
Bernstein DM. The Broken Brain: The Biological Revolution in Psychiatry. JAMA. 1985;253(12):1798. doi:10.1001/jama.1985.03350360124035