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July 15, 1992

Defining, Counting Traffic Injuries No Easy Task as Nation Assesses Toll From This Violence

JAMA. 1992;268(3):302. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03490030012002

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INJURIES in traffic violence may outnumber deaths by 70 to 1 in this country. It may even be over 90 to 1.

Nonfatal injuries can range from minor scratches to nearly fatal. So to answer the question of how many injuries requires defining each specific level of injury, points out Leonard Evans, DPhil, General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Mich.

Injury Scales  A number of scores and scales have been developed to determine injury severity, such as the Injury Severity Score and the Trauma Index. One of the two primary systems for injury assessment used by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in Washington, DC, was developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Des Plaines, Ill, principally for measuring the severity of motor vehicle injuries.Called the Abbreviated Injury Scale, this system puts injuries for each region of the body—based on a medical evaluation—into six levels of severity