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August 5, 1992

Health Professionals Persecuted in Violation of Their Human Rights: A Partial List of Cases

JAMA. 1992;268(5):585-590. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03490050031006

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


NUMBERING in the hundreds, at least, are the health care professionals worldwide who are persecuted because of their professional activities or because they peacefully oppose the official policies of their governments. Many have been imprisoned for long periods without trial. Others have been tortured, or murdered, or have "disappeared."

Many such cases have been brought to light in a directory compiled by the Science and Human Rights Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Published in May 1992, the directory lists the cases of more than 300 scientists, engineers, health professionals, and students in related fields whose basic human rights—set out in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights—have been violated.

The following pages provide a list of the health professionals in the AAAS directory (updated July 9, 1992), and a brief description of their cases.