[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
March 7, 1986

Child Abuse and Neglect

Author Affiliations

Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Center for Prevention Services Centers for Disease Control Atlanta
Division of Host Factors Center for Infectious Diseases Centers for Disease Control Atlanta

JAMA. 1986;255(9):1135. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03370090057009

To the Editor.—  The article entitled "AMA Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines Concerning Child Abuse and Neglect"1 provided a useful reference in this area. However, some errors of omission and commission, as well as some limitations in our current knowledge about the true prevalence of child abuse and neglect, should be noted.

Signs of Sexual Abuse.—  At times, the sexually abused child will be initially seen as a patient with urinary, genital, perineal, or anal symptoms. Since the diagnosis of sexual abuse is often dependent on a diagnosis of a sexually transmitted disease,2 it is important to include in this section, entities of proved sexual transmission and exclude or qualify less specific indicators.In the section entitled "Physical Signs of Sexual Abuse," recurrent urinary tract infections and candidiasis were included as possible indicators of sexual abuse. While these certainly can coexist with sexual activity, the frequent occurrence of these