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July 10, 1996

The Changing Face of AIDS in Argentina

JAMA. 1996;276(2):94-96. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540020016009

THE NUMBER of individuals infected with and affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to increase worldwide. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) estimates that approximately 2 million people have been infected with HIV in the Region of the Americas.1 As of June 10, 1995, more than 580 000 cases of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 304 493 AIDS-related deaths had been officially reported since 1981.1 Argentina reported the second highest incidence rate of AIDS cases (41 per million) in South America during 1993 (the most recent year with complete reporting for the Region of the Americas), preceded only by Brazil (80 per million).2

AIDS Surveillance  In Argentina, AIDS data are obtained from case reports filed by physician assistants, which are sent systematically to the National AIDS Program of Argentina, through the municipal or provincial level. At the national level, reported AIDS cases are reviewed