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April 7, 1993

Clinical Perspectives on Seabather's Eruption, Also Known as 'Sea Lice'

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami (Fla) School of Medicine and the Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services, Broward County Public Health Unit, Fort Lauderdale (Dr Tomchik); the Department of Emergency Services, Boca Raton (Fla) Community Hospital (Ms Russell); and the Division of Marine Biology and Fisheries, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami (Fla) (Dr Szmant and Ms Black).

JAMA. 1993;269(13):1669-1672. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500130083037

Seabather's eruption is usually a benign clinical syndrome that resolves spontaneously, although severe symptoms and long-term sequelae have been identified. Recent research has implicated the larvae of a jellyfish, Linuche unguiculata, as the cause of this syndrome; confirmation by serological and experimental studies is pending. Clinical signs and symptoms are consistent with this etiology. Outbreaks occur when jellyfish larvae are transported to shore by ocean currents. Treatment is symptomatic and involves use of antihistamines and steroids.

(JAMA. 1993;269:1669-1672)