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November 6, 1996

Update: Influenza Activity—Worldwide, 1996

JAMA. 1996;276(17):1372-1373. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540170016008

FROM OCTOBER 1995 through August 1996, influenza activity occurred at mooderate to severe levels worldwide. Epidemic activity in Europe, Asia, and North America was associated with influenza A(H1N1) and influenza A(H3N2) viruses. Influenza A(H1N1) viruses caused an epidemic in Japan and predominated in Canada, most regions of the United States, and a few countries in Europe. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated in most European countries, China, and some regions of the United States. Influenza B viruses were isolated in association with sporadic cases throughout most of the world.1,2 This report summarizes influenza activity worldwide during March-August 1996, indicating that, during these months, influenza activity occurred at peak levels in the Southern Hemisphere.

Africa. During June, the first localized outbreak of influenza-like illness (ILI) associated with influenza A(H1N1) infections occurred among adult workers in Durban, South Africa. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses were isolated in Senegal in June and in