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November 20, 1996

Ten Leading Nationally Notifiable Infectious Diseases—United States, 1995

JAMA. 1996;276(19):1546. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540190018008

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THE NATIONAL Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) is a national passive surveillance system comprising 52 infectious diseases designated by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists as reportable to CDC.1 This report is based on the Summary of Notifiable Diseases for 19952 and presents the most commonly reported nationally notifiable diseases for 1995. During 1995, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) predominated and were reported among all age groups.

The 10 most frequently reported nationally notifiable infectious diseases for 1995 were, in descending order, chlamydia, gonorrhea, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), salmonellosis, hepatitis A, shigellosis, tuberculosis (TB), primary and secondary syphilis, Lyme disease, and hepatitis B.2 The STDs of chlamydia, gonorrhea, AIDS, primary and secondary syphilis, and hepatitis B accounted for 87% of cases reported for these 10 diseases.

Although 1995 was the first year genital infections with Chlamydia trachomatis were nationally notifiable, this condition was the most