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November 27, 1996

The Nuremberg Code

JAMA. 1996;276(20):1691. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540200077043

From the Judgment of the Nuremberg Doctors Trial Tribunal by Beals WB, Sebring HL, Crawford JT. Permissible medical experiments. In: Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 1946-1949: vol 2.

Primary contribution of the principles defined in the Code is a matter of dispute and may include Andrew C. Ivy, MD, and Leo Alexander, MD (both expert witnesses for the prosecution), and Brigadier General Telford Taylor (chief of counsel for the prosecution).