May 21, 1997

Pregnancy-Related Behaviors Among Migrant Farm Workers—Four States, 1989-1993

JAMA. 1997;277(19):1512. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540430024012

THE U.S. workforce includes an estimated 3-5 million migrant and seasonal farm workers1,2; approximately 16% of migrant farm workers are women (R. Mines, U.S. Department of Labor, personal communication, 1997). Early enrollment in prenatal care and proper weight gain during pregnancy can reduce the risk for poor birth outcomes.1-4 To characterize pregnancy-related behaviors and outcomes among migrant farm workers, CDC analyzed data for 1989-1993 on prenatal-care use, weight gain during pregnancy, and birth outcomes among migrant farm workers enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in four states participating in CDC's Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS). This report presents the results of that analysis, which indicate that the goals of the national health objectives for the year 2000 for pregnant migrant women enrolled in WIC have not been met.

The PNSS collects prenatal and postpartum information about women