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June 11, 1997

Contraceptive Practices Before and After an Intervention Promoting Condom Use to Prevent HIV Infection and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Women—Selected US Sites, 1993-1995

JAMA. 1997;277(22):1752-1753. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540460018010

BECAUSE heterosexual contact is the most common mode of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission among women,1 development of effective strategies to reduce sexually transmitted HIV infection is critical. In addition, because most women at risk for HIV infection are reproductive aged (14-44 years), effective use of contraceptives is important to prevent unintended pregnancies.2,3 Latex condoms used by males, when used consistently and correctly, are highly effective at reducing the risk for HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)4; however, hormonal contraceptive methods or surgical sterilization are more effective for preventing pregnancy.5 One possible effect of encouraging women to use condoms for HIV/STD prevention with their male partners is that women may discontinue use of hormonal contraceptive methods. To assess whether encouraging women to use condoms for HIV/STD prevention affects their contraceptive practices, CDC analyzed longitudinal data on contraceptive