edited by Roberta J. Apfel and Bennett Simon, 244 pp, $30, ISBN 0-300-06570-1, New Haven, Conn, Yale University Press. 1996.
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In Minefields in Their Hearts multiple authors take us places we don't want to go, describe why little research exists on massive assaults on children, and out-line our need to address our own countertransference. Topics vary from World War II Holocaust survivors to third world civil wars and chronic inner-city violence in the United States. Chapters address political and ethical questions avoided in traditional office work. Intervention addresses the need for social change, with direction guided by the needs of the victims and their culture. Unique experiences in impoverished countries give us special lessons.
Arroyo and Eth describe steps to address goals for post-traumatic stress disorder intervention: resuming normal routines, critical incident debriefing for children and caretakers, education about stress reactions, and identification of those in need of more intervention. The goals translate for inner-city violence in countries with long-term resources, while much of this book addresses severe violence in
Durfee M. Minefields in Their Hearts: The Mental Health of Children in War and Communal Violence. JAMA. 1997;278(5):440-441. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550050104046