[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
August 27, 1997

Status Report on the Childhood Immunization Initiative: National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Coverage Levels Among Children Aged 19-35 Months—United States, 1996

JAMA. 1997;278(8):622-623. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550080030015

THE CHILDHOOD Immunization Initiative (CII), a comprehensive response to undervaccination among preschool-aged children, was initiated in the United States in 1993.1 The CII established the goal of increasing vaccination coverage levels among children aged 2 years to greater than or equal to 90% by 1996 for the most critical doses of each vaccine routinely recommended for children* (except hepatitis B vaccine, for which the objectives were to increase coverage to 70% by 1996 and 90% by 1998).† This report presents final 1996 estimates of coverage with vaccines targeted by CII among children aged 19-35 months§ which indicate that in 1996 all national vaccination coverage goals were exceeded for the routinely recommended vaccines.

Vaccination coverage levels are monitored by CDC's National Immunization Survey (NIS), one element of the CII.1,3-5 NIS, which was initiated in April 1994, estimates vaccination coverage among children aged