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From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
November 5, 1997

Progress Toward Global Measles Control and Elimination, 1990-1996

JAMA. 1997;278(17):1396-1397. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03550170026011

IN 1989, the World Health Assembly resolved to reduce measles morbidity by 90% and measles mortality by 95% by 1995, compared with disease burden during the prevaccine era.1 By 1996, the estimated incidence and death rates for measles worldwide were reduced by 78% and 88%, respectively.2 In 1990, the World Summit for Children adopted a goal of vaccinating 90% of children against measles by 2000. However, routine measles vaccination coverage has remained relatively stable since 1990, and an estimated 1 million children continue to die from this preventable disease each year. During the 1990s, the widespread use of innovative measles-control strategies in the Region of the Americas and countries such as Mongolia, South Africa, and the United Kingdom demonstrated that high-level measles control and even interruption of transmission is feasible over large geographic areas. This report updates the status of measles control and elimination worldwide and includes disease

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