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The increasing experience with massage, and the appearance of several good books on the subject have given an impetus to the study of massage and methodical exercise that is gratifying. In short, there seems to be a tendency in more recent therapeutics which leans towards a decreased use of drugs and an increased observance of the laws of hygiene, in the broadest sense; and in so far as the use of mechano-therapy is concerned this is really going back to the first principles of the medical art. In fact, an intimate connection may be traced between the revival of medical gymnastics, or muscle exercise for the purpose of healing disease, and the revival of the ancient gymnastics as a part of the necessary education of the body, though the revival of the former took place at an earlier date. Hoffman wrote more wisely than he knew, perhaps, when he said
MASSAGE AND METHODICAL EXERCISE.. JAMA. 1887;IX(17):529-531. doi:10.1001/jama.1887.02400160017004