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July 18, 1908


Author Affiliations

Pathologist, Metropolitan Hospital, Blackwell's Island. NEW YORK.

JAMA. 1908;LI(3):191-194. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25410030013001c

Medicine has two fundamental objects in view, of equal and vital importance: first, the immediate relief of human suffering and the restoration of the individual to his normal standard of health; second, the protection and maintenance of the members of society in this normal state. The first strictly concerns the clinician, the second the hygienist.

Hygiene, although strictly founded on scientific medical data, nevertheless, so intimately is associated with many intricate sociologic problems that we recognize it as a science distinct and apart from medicine in its more restricted significance.

I wish to center your thought more particularly on clinical medicine or that intimate association between physician and patient in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, as well as to point out the inestimable service rendered both laity and the profession by the pathologist, the clinician's inseparable companion.

Virchow recognized the clinician as the close and confidential agent of the

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